While their life cycle is brief, mosquitoes can cause a lot of damage in that time.
In the hunt for blood, mosquitoes can transmit diseases to humans, as well as dogs, cats, and horses. These diseases include:
West Nile Virus
The West Nile Virus (WNV) is the leading cause of mosquito-borne disease in the U.S. There are no vaccines or medications to treat WNV.
While most people, about 8 out of 10, infected do not develop any symptoms, 2 out of 10 will develop a fever with other symptoms like headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash.
About 1 out of 150 infected people develop a serious illness that affects the central nervous system. Recovery from a severe illness can take several weeks or months, while some effects to the central nervous system can be permanent. Of those people who develop severe illness, about 1 out of 10 of them die.
In 2016, the Rio Olympics were surrounded with news of a Zika outbreak. While it hasn’t gotten much publicity since, the disease is still around and poses a risk as there is no vaccine or cure for Zika.
Zika infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects and other pregnancy problems.
Different forms of Encephalitis
While there are a variety of forms of encephalitis that are caused by mosquito bites (St. Louis Encephalitis, La Crosse Encephalitis, Japanese Encephalitis, Eastern Equine Encephalitis) the damage they cause are similar. Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain, which can cause seizures, coma, movement disorders, and paralysis.