Here in Illinois, cricket song conjures up memories of warm summer nights and starry open skies. From late spring to late summer, these bugs can be heard giving free concerts every evening. For those of us who grew up in Illinois, childhood summers and crickets go hand in hand.
There are nearly 100 different species of crickets that live in the United States. Some of the most common crickets in Illinois are field crickets, house crickets, tree crickets, and camel crickets. Let’s go into a little more detail about each type.
Field crickets are usually dark brown or black in color. They are not very big, usually only getting up to about one inch in length. They have large legs for jumping and wings that lay across their back.
House crickets are light brown or tan in appearance. They are not actually native to North America and probably came from Southern Asia or Europe. House crickets are commonly sold in pet stores as live food for reptiles.
Tree crickets are light green in color. They generally live outdoors in trees and plants. Their bodies are somewhat more slender and angular than field or house crickets. These crickets are exceptionally beautiful singers.
There are many camel crickets, but these crickets generally have small stubby bodies and are wingless. Because they lack wings, camel crickets do not make noise.